Table of Contents
- Step 1: Making Solar Cells
- Step 2: Assembly
- Step 3: Testing
- Materials Used to Make Solar Panels
- What Is Inside a Solar Panel?
- Pollution from Making Solar Panels
- Solar System Parts and Functions
- Solar Panel Manufacturers in India
- Solar Panel Manufacturers
Step 1: Making Solar Cells
Solar cells are the basic building blocks of a solar panel. They are made of semiconductor materials like silicon, gallium arsenide, or cadmium telluride. These materials are cut into wafers and treated with chemicals to create an electric field. Solar cells are then connected in series to form a solar module, which is the main component of a solar panel.
Step 2: Assembly
Once the solar cells are ready, they are assembled into a frame made of either wood, aluminum, or plastic. The frame is designed to hold the solar cells in place and protect them from the elements. It also has mounting holes that allow the panel to be attached to a rooftop or other surface.
Step 3: Testing
After the panel is assembled, it is tested for performance, efficiency, and safety. All solar panels must pass a series of tests before they can be sold. This includes tests for power output, temperature control, and environmental protection.
Materials Used to Make Solar Panels
Solar panels are made up of several different materials, including glass, metal, plastic, and silicone. The most common type of glass used is tempered, low-iron glass. Metal frames are usually made of aluminum, while plastic frames are made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Silicon is the most important material used to make solar cells.
What Is Inside a Solar Panel?
A solar panel consists of solar cells, a metal frame, and a glass cover. The solar cells are connected in series and exposed to the sun’s rays. This generates electrical current, which is then stored in a battery or fed into an inverter to convert it into AC power. The metal frame and glass cover protect the solar cells from the elements and provide structural support.
Pollution from Making Solar Panels
The process of making solar panels can cause pollution. In particular, the production of semiconductor materials such as silicon and gallium arsenide requires the use of toxic chemicals. These chemicals can have an adverse effect on the environment if not properly disposed of. Additionally, the production of solar cells produces waste in the form of metal waste, glass waste, and plastic waste.
Solar System Parts and Functions
A solar system is made up of several different parts, each of which has a specific function. The main components of a solar system are the solar panel, the solar inverter, and the battery. The solar panel collects energy from the sun and converts it into electrical current. This electrical current is then fed into the inverter, which converts it into AC power. The battery stores the energy generated by the solar panel.
Solar Panel Manufacturers in India
India is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of solar panels. Some of the top solar panel manufacturers in India include Adani Solar, Tata Power Solar, Vikram Solar, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), and Waaree Energies.
Solar Panel Manufacturers
Solar panel manufacturers produce solar panels for residential, commercial, and industrial applications. Major solar panel manufacturers include SunPower, SolarCity, SunEdison, J